2005.1.117

15-Aug-46
14.75 in HIGH x 9 in WIDE
(37.46 cm HIGH x 22.86 cm WIDE)
Oakland Tribune Collection, Oakland Museum of California, gift of ANG Newspapers
2005.1.117

Confetti and paper streamers poured from the windows of the Pacific Overseas Air Transport Command, 19th and Broadway, as a crown started to gather in the street just a few moments after the Jap surrender was made official.

The photograph is taken from above the crowd, and shows people and cars gathered in the streets with ticker tape and confetti strewn about.

From Wilkipedea, November 2005:August 15, 1945, marked Victory over Japan Day or V-J Day, taking a name similar to Victory in Europe Day, which was generally known as V-E Day. In Japan, the day is known as ?????, Shusen-kinenbi, which literally means the "Memorial day for the end of the war". The day marks the end of the Burma Campaign, the Sino-Japanese War, the Pacific War with the U.S., and other military conflicts in Asia. This is commemorated as Liberation Day in nations such as Korea. See Surrender of Japan for historical circumstances surrounding Japan's surrender.At noon Japan standard time on that day, Emperor Hirohito's announcement of Japan's acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration was broadcast to the Japanese people via radio. Earlier the same day, the Japanese government advised the Allies of the surrender by sending a cable to U.S. President Harry S. Truman via the Swiss diplomatic mission in Washington.Since Japan was the last Axis Power to surrender and V-J Day followed V-E Day by three months, V-J Day marked the end of World War II.The formal Japanese signing of the surrender terms took place on board the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945 and at that time Truman actually declared September 2 to be VJ-Day. [1]V-J Day is now sometimes referred to as V-P Day (Victory in the Pacific Day) to bring it in line with V-E Day where the major enemy power, Germany, was not singled out in the way V-J Day did to Japan. However, since no other power was an Axis belligerent in the Pacific, such alteration of nomenclature seems unnecessary to many.In the United States, V-J Day is commemorated on August 14 since the news of the surrender broke on that date in the U.S. time zones.V-J Day is still a state holiday in Rhode Island. The holiday's official name is "Victory Day", and it is observed on the second Monday of August.

Used: Oakland Tribune

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