20 in HIGH x 8.25 in WIDE x .75 in DEEP
(50.80 cm HIGH x 20.95 cm WIDE x 1.90 cm DEEP)
Museum Purchase

a: Mission Artifacts case | Early California Art and History, Science Special Gallery, December 2007 - September 2009

Pair of tools. Description: a - calipers - Mission Artifacts case From the History Information Station Object: Iron calipers which date to the 19th century. Calipers similar to these were used by blacksmiths as a measuring tool. History: Calipers, comp�s para gruesos, are used to measure diameters or outside dimensions and to test thickness. This pair of double-joint calipers can be set for two sizes. For instance, they can be used by the blacksmith to measure the width and thickness of a piece of iron that he is forging. Museum Purchase The Newly Planted The padres' efforts were not limited to Christianizing the Indian population. An important part of their mission was the development of a self-sustaining community that would establish the Spanish way of life in Alta California, and make its inhabitants productive citizens of the Spanish empire. Between 1769 and 1824 the Franciscan fathers, acting as emissaries of both the Catholic Church and the Spanish Crown, founded twenty-one missions. Hundreds, sometimes as many as a thousand, converts (known to the Church as neophytes, or, literally, "the newly planted") provided the labor for the running of each mission. Each convert was required to fulfill a daily quota of labor and, in return, received sacraments, food, clothing, and education.
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